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  • Pavala Malar Nadan A/L Mariappan .

    Member
    December 17, 2021 at 3:49 am

    This is a two-parts questions.

    Question Part 1: Which interviewer do you think you would work best with? Why do you prefer the leadership styles, roles, and traits they demonstrated?

    Based on the scenario above, allow me to state my opinion on the leadership styles adopted by the interviewers:

    VP: She is a Task-Oriented Leader. She is a leader who focuses about getting the task done and can be autocratic. During the interview, she tested how the candidate tackle on tasks she involved on daily basis.

    CFO: He is an Autocratic leader, often known as authoritarian leadership, is where leaders have complete power over their people (for instance, during the interview he even goes to the extent of checking candidate’s daily planner).

    CEO: He adopted Servant Leadership. He is supportive leader, friendly and shows concerns for the employee.

    Having said the above, based on my behavior, I prefer to work with the VP. I prefer leaders who are able to clearly define tasks for employees to accomplish, identify the roles required to perform the task, establish frameworks, plan, organize, and oversee team’s work.

    One of the benefits of task-oriented leadership is that they ensure that deadlines are met, and this aligned with my behavior whereby I prefer to accomplish tasks on agreed time.

    Task-oriented leaders are known to have these skills to be successful.

    • Prioritization: They have the ability to prioritize task based on the impact and urgency.
    • Time-management: These leaders are excellent in creating schedules and ensuring employees completing tasks based on the schedule.
    • Strategy: They are able to thoroughly plan to guide the team to achieve goals on time.
    • Delegation: These leaders are able to identity skills and strength of team members in order to delegate appropriate task.
    • Communication: To ensure that their staff understand their obligations, task-oriented leaders are equipped with an effective communication skills.

    Question part 2:
    What combination of leadership style, role, and trait would be best for the following business situations?

    1. Situation: A company with routine and unskilled job functions.

    Autocratic Leadership is ideal for this situation. Leader has complete control over his or her employees. The advantage of autocratic rule is that it is extremely efficient. Work is completed and decisions are made fast. Although autocratic leadership has a number of downsides, it can be useful in routine and unskilled jobs where the benefits of control may outweigh the disadvantages.


    2. Situation: A company with dangerous job functions (toxic waste handling or heavy equipment operation).

    Bureaucratic Leadership suitable for this situation. These type leaders work “by the book.” They strictly adhere to the rules and regulations and guarantee that their employees follow the processes strictly. Bureaucratic leaders frequently rise up the ranks due to their ability to follow and enforce rules.
    For jobs with substantial safety concerns, this is an appropriate leadership style (such as toxic waste handling, heavy equipment operation or at dangerous heights).

    3. Situation: A company preparing to disrupt an existing market with ground-breaking technology.

    Democratic/Participative Leadership desirable for this situation. Democratic leaders make the final decisions, but they consult with team members during the process. They promote innovation, and team members are frequently involved in initiatives and decisions.
    There are numerous advantages to democratic leadership. Since team members are more involved in decision making process, they have a higher level of job satisfaction and productivity. This approach also aids in the development of employees’ abilities. Team members believe they have power over their fate, thus they are motivated to work hard for reasons other than monetary gain.

    The approach can be most suitable when working as a team is essential, and when quality is more important than efficiency or productivity. As the situation stated there is an existing market, the company’s product quality needs to surpass the competitors’ product in the market.

    Tim Cook, the current Apple CEO, practices and advocates democratic leadership. Cook believes it is critical to have senior management consensus on significant business decisions. Furthermore, since taking the helm, Cook has given the new product development team more autonomy, reducing the CEO’s direct involvement in the development process. (Research-Methodology, 2021)

    4. Situation: A company preparing for an IPO.

    In short, Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the process where a private company that owned by a small number of shareholders goes public and it is listed on an exchange where it can be owned by a large number of investors.
    Everyone participating in the IPO, including the management team, auditors, accountants, underwriting banks, lawyers, and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) experts, meets to discuss the offering and set the filing date. Throughout the underwriting process, similar meetings take place. (Corporate Finance Institute, 2021)

    In my opinion, since IPO process involves lots of change and collaboration tasks to be accomplished by multiple departments, I believe combination of both Transformational leadership and Task-Oriented leadership needed for this situation.

    Transformational leadership is a style of leadership in which a leader motivates and inspires his or her team to make beneficial changes in the organization. This type of leadership can boost team morale, encourage rapid innovation, improve dispute resolution, reduce attrition, and build a sense of ownership among employees.

    Task-Oriented Leadership can be autocratic and only focus about getting the task done. They identify the work and the responsibilities that are required, establish frameworks, and plan, organize, and monitor work. Other important jobs that these leaders accomplish include setting and maintaining performance standards.
    The benefit of task-oriented leadership is that it ensures that deadlines are met, and it’s especially important for the company in preparing for IPO.

    References:

    Corporate Finance Institute. (2021, March 28). Initial Public Offering (IPO). https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/deals/ipo-initial-public-offering/

    Indeed Editorial Team. (2020, December 4). Task-Oriented Leadership: Definition and Examples. Indeed Career Guide. https://www.indeed.com/career-advice/career-development/task-oriented-leadership

    Luk, A. (n.d.). 05. Leadership Styles – Managers and Leaders. MGMT 5223: Collaborative Project – Fall 2012. https://sites.google.com/site/managersandleaders/team-12/leadership-styles

    Research-Methodology. (2021, February 15). Apple Leadership: a brief overview. Business Research Methodology. https://research-methodology.net/apple-leadership-and-apple-organizational-structure/