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  • Pavala Malar Nadan A/L Mariappan .

    November 13, 2021 at 11:23 am

    Hi Bob, in order to process the empirical data and get the meaningful information, we need to know what we want measure to support or reject our hypothesis.

    Let me try to put this in our layman scenario. For this mock scenario, let’s ignore the scientific logic.

    Theory = The Sun rises in the East at 7:00AM (Malaysia time) and sets in the West at 7:00PM (Malaysia Time) daily in Malaysia. Average temperature in Malaysia when sun shines ranges from 29 to 33 degree Celsius.

    Hypothesis = We are inside home and it is bright outside, so it is a Day time.

    How to test the above Hypothesis? It might be bright outside because neighbor sets up huge bright lights or meteor approaching the earth or alien spaceship hovering above our home.

    So now we need to look for data to support or reject our hypothesis. By referring to the theory, we will have the guide on what empirical data to collect and what to measure from these data.

    The theory stated the Sun rises at 7:00AM and sets at 7:00PM, so we check our clock (collecting empirical data), let’s say now is 11:15AM. Then this empirical data supports the hypothesis.

    Next, to further test our hypothesis, we collect more empirical data (observation) by stepping out from house and we can visibly see the sun in the sky at 11:15AM.

    To further strengthen our hypothesis, we further collect empirical data by checking the thermometer and it shows 31 degree Celsius.

    All the above 3 empirical data support the hypothesis, so we can conclude the research that it is bright outside because it is a Day time as what the theory stated.