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  • Ida Farisha Binti Meor Alim Shah Shah

    November 1, 2021 at 7:22 am

    By definition, theories are formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge within the limits of critical bounding assumptions. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory that explains why the research problem under study exists [1]. In research, theory is important to explain the meaning, nature and challenges associated to the research. Once the key variables of the research topic has been identified, we need to choose a theory that best describe the relationship between the key variables and the study. The chosen theory must be based on a well-established principle that has been developed by scholars research, this is often the distinction between a theory and hypothesis. A theory predicts event in broad, general context and has extensively being tested and generally accepted among scholars. While hypothesis makes specific predictions about specific set of circumstances, speculative and yet to be tested.

    In summation, theory provides the researchers with a definite view point which will help him to enquire the relationship between certain variables instead infinite number of variables. It bridges the gap in our knowledge, increase the meaningfulness of the study findings and provide rationale behind empirical findings that was done.


    [1] Abend, Gabriel. “The Meaning of Theory.” Sociological Theory 26 (June 2008): 173–199; Swanson, Richard A. Theory Building in Applied Disciplines. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers 2013.

    -Ida F Shah