Thinking is teachable and learnable. Now, almost all
educational reformers suggest that thinking skills should be
taught to all students (Rajendran, 2008).
Although the teaching of HOTS has also been emphasized
and has been named as one of the core areas in the Malaysia
Education Blueprint (2013-2025), lots need to be done,
especially in terms of preparing teachers to infuse thinking
skills in the teaching and learning processes.
The challenges brought about by IR4.0, the need for 21st
Century Skills, and advancement in the field of information
technology, make vital that educational institutions from
pre-school to the tertiary levels pay special attention to
teaching their students HOTS and also ensure that they are
able to employ those skills in the work place and in every day